The Signs Of Ovarian Cancer

| Thursday, July 21, 2011
By Owen Jones

The unrestrained growth of cells is a disease called cancer. Other malignant properties of cancer are an invasion that destroys adjacent tissues and metastasis i.e. the spreading to other locations of the body by means of the blood or the lymph glands. Benign tumors are different from cancer in that they do not invade or metastasize.

Either environmental or hereditary reasons can be the cause of cancer. Primarily, it is an environmental disease with enhanced risk from genetic influences. The main environmental reasons behind the cause of cancer are obesity, smoking, pollution, disease and radiation etc..

Ovarian cancer is one of the most common sorts of cancer. It takes place in the ovaries of women which is why it is known as ovarian cancer. There are two ovaries in females, one on either side of the uterus. Both eggs and hormones i.e. estrogen, testosterone and progesterone are made by the ovaries.

Mostly, it occurs in those women who have reached their menopause. Usually an ovarian cancer is a kind of epithelial cancer i.e. cancer in the outer cells of an ovary. Most common kinds of epithelial cancer of the ovaries are serous. Less commonly known types are clear cell and endometrioid ovarian cancers

Almost 85% of the women treated for ovarian cancer are above the age of 50, although there are possibilities of its occurrence in younger women too. Multiple genetic mutations are the cause of this cancer. The risk of the disease is greater in those women who have never had a baby.

The danger is higher for those whose menstrual cycle starts at an early age and whose menopause happens late. Infertility is the biggest danger factor behind this disease. Personal or family history of breast cancer increases the risk of ovarian cancer too.

The symptoms of the disease are not specific to it and it normally begins stealthily. Some of the symptoms of ovarian cancer are pelvic pain, abdominal pressure, indigestion or wind, constipation, lower back pain, the frequent need to urinate, loss of appetite, pain with intercourse, changes in the menstrual cycle and a deficiency of energy.

The symptoms of ovarian cancer tend to be persistent and they worsen with time. An appointment with a GP should be made if any of the above mentioned indications happen every day for two to three weeks. If someone has a family history of this cancer, she should make contact with her medical doctor for further diagnosis of the worries.

The most widespread diagnostic procedures and tests are pelvic examination, ultrasound, CA 125 blood test and surgery for removing samples to test (biopsy). Four stages of ovarian cancer are identified according to the intensity of the disease.

The healing of ovarian cancer is possible. Researchers are working on creating methods of identifying it at earlier stages because it is very problematic to treat it at later stages. The most common form of treatment for ovarian cancer is a blend of chemotherapy and surgery.

Healthy habits like eating a balanced diet, exercising and getting enough sleep can be useful to control your symptoms of the disease. Although there is no certain way to protect you from this illness, the risk of getting ovarian cancer can be reduced by thinking about the risks and benefits of using birth control pills and discussing issues with your doctor.

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